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What is Cremation?
Cremation is the process by which a body is exposed to extreme heat, usually 1800 - 2000 degrees Fahrenheit for two hours or more. Through this process the body is reduced to its basic elements, which are referred to as the "cremated body" or "cremated remains". Cremation occurs at a crematorium in a special kind of furnace called a cremation chamber or retort. It may surprise many to learn that ashes are not the final result since cremated remains have neither the appearance nor the chemical properties of ashes. They are, in fact, bone fragments. These fragments are further reduced in size through a mechanical process. After preparation, these elements are placed in a temporary container that is suitable for transport. Depending upon the size of the body, there are normally three to nine pounds of fragments resulting.
Are there any religions that do not approve of cremation?
Orthodox Judaism and Islam forbid cremation. Today, all of the Christian denominations allow cremation. All other main religions are happy for their members to choose to be cremated. (The Catholic Church accepts cremation as long as it is not chosen for reasons which are contrary to Christian teachings.)
Does cremation contribute to atmospheric pollution?
The 1990 Environmental Protection Act placed certain responsibilities on crematoria to ensure that the process is carefully controlled to minimize the impact on the environment
How can one be certain that all remains are kept separate, and receive the correct remains?
All responsible cremation providers have thorough operating policies and procedures in order to provide the highest level of service and reduce the possibility of human error. If you have questions, ask the cremation providers what procedures they use. Or call our office at (518) 435-8030 for an expert answer.
Is a casket required for a cremation to take place?
A casket is not required for a cremation to take place. All that is required is an alternative container in most states. The construction can be made of wood or cardboard, which is cremated with the body.
We offer a cremation container - at no additional cost to the family.
How much does a cremation container cost?
Speaking for our cremation service, it doesn't cost the family anything extra for a cremation container. The container is provided by the crematorium as part of their service to us at no charge and therefore we pass that savings on to our families. If you are comparing cremation costs between funeral homes ask if the container is included. They may not disclose this to you over the telephone otherwise during the arrangements you may be surprised with this "extra fee".
Is it required for an embalming to take place prior to cremation?
This is completely untrue. Actually it is against the law for a funeral home to tell you it is required. There are no laws or circumstances in New York State which require you to use embalming. However, if you select certain funeral arrangements, such as a viewing or an an open casket service, embalming may be required by the funeral firm. The funeral director must obtain specific approval to embalm from the customer. Embalming fees must be clearly stated on both the firm's General Price List and on the Itemized Statement of Services and Merchandise Provided.
Can a cremation be witnessed by the family?
Yes, in most situations, the cremation providers will permit family members to be in attendances when the body is placed into the cremation chamber. Actually, a few religious groups include this as part of their funeral practice.
What options are available with the cremated remains?
There are countless options and laws do vary from state to state. Some options include remains being buried in a cemetery lot or cremation garden, inurned in a columbarium, kept at home, or scattered into the sea.
Do most funeral homes have a crematory onsite?
No. The actual cremation process takes place at a crematorium operated within a cemetery. In the Capital Region these locations would be: Vale Cemetery Crematorium or Parkview Cemetery Crematory in Schenectady, Albany Rural Cemetery Crematorium in Menands or Oakwood Cemetery Crematorium in Troy.
What usually happens after the cremation is finished?
All organic bone fragments and all non-consumed metal items are placed into a stainless steel cooling pan located in the back of the cremation chamber. All non-consumed items, such as metal from clothing, hip joints, and bridgework, are divided from the cremated remains. This separation is accomplished through visual inspection as well as using a strong magnet for smaller and minute metallic objects. Items such as dental gold and silver are non-recoverable and are commingled in with the cremated remains. Remaining bone fragments are then processed in a machine to a consistent size and placed into a temporary or permanent urn, selected by the family.
Can more than one cremation be performed at once?
It is never done. Not only is it illegal to do so, but it is also a physical impossibility. The majority of modern cremation chambers are not of adequate size to house more than one adult in a casket or container.
What do cremated remains look like?
Cremated remains bear a resemblance to coarse sand and are pasty white in color. The remains of a normal size adult usually weigh between four to six pounds.
Are all cremated remains returned to the family?
With the exclusion of minuscule and microscopic particles, which are impossible to remove from the cremation chamber and processing machine, all of the cremated remains are returned to the family.
Are urns required to collect the cremated remains?
An urn may be desired if there is to be a memorial service or the remains are to be interred in a cemetery. If an urn is not purchased, or provided by the family, the cremated remains are usually returned in a temporary container, provided to you at no additional cost. This container is suitable for burial, scattering or storage.
Is the cremation service provider I'm considering reputable?
It is important to know when in the process of selecting a cremation provider if the business is reputable. At Simple Choices, our testimonials speak for themselves.
Google reviews is a good place to start.
- Pick up the deceased and transport the body to the funeral home (anytime day or night)
- Notify proper authorities, family and/or relatives
- Arrange and prepare death certificates
- Provide certified copies of death certificates for insurance and benefit processing
- Work with the insurance agent, Social Security or Veterans Administration to ensure that necessary paperwork is filed for receipt of benefits
- Prepare and submit obituary to the newspapers of your choice
- Bathe and embalm the deceased body, if necessary
- Prepare the body for viewing including dressing and cosmetizing
- Assist the family with funeral arrangements and purchase of casket, urn, burial vault and cemetery plot
- Schedule the opening and closing of the grave with cemetery personnel, if a burial is to be performed
- Coordinate with clergy if a funeral or memorial service is to be held
- Arrange a police escort and transportation to the funeral and/or cemetery for the family
- Order funeral sprays and other flower arrangements as the family wishes
- Provide Aftercare, or grief assistance, to the bereaved
- The funeral home will help coordinate arrangements with the cemetery.
- Bring the following information to complete the State vital statistic requirements:
- Birth Date
- Father's Name
- Mother's Name
- Social Security Number
- Veteran's Discharge or Claim Number
- Marital Status
- Contact your clergy. Decide on time and place of funeral or memorial service. This can be done at the funeral home.
- The funeral home will assist you in determining the number of copies of the death certificates you will be needing and can order them for you.
- Make a list of immediate family, close friends and employer or business colleagues. Notify each by phone.
- Decide on appropriate memorial to which gifts may be made (church, hospice, library, charity or school).
- Gather obituary information you want to include such as age, place of birth, cause of death, occupation, college degrees, memberships held, military service , outstanding work, list of survivors in immediate family. Include time and place of services. The funeral home will normally write article and submit to newspapers (newspaper will accept picture and they will be returned intact).
- Arrange for members of family or close friends to take turns answering door or phone, keeping careful record of calls. If Social Security checks are automatic deposit, notify the bank of the death.